Sterilizers are devices or systems designed to eliminate or kill all forms of microbial life, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and their spores. The goal of sterilization is to achieve asepsis, ensuring that objects, surfaces, or substances are completely free from viable microorganisms. Sterilizers are utilized in various industries and settings, including healthcare, laboratories, pharmaceuticals, and food processing. There are different types of sterilizers, each employing distinct methods to achieve sterilization.